On the other hand, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, who dreams of sounding the Ottoman Empire, has used the Barcelona agreement to use refugees and asylum seekers as a human shield against the European Union. With the latest information, it has received six billion euros from the European Union to close its borders and take in refugees. Because of its gravity, the Arab-Israeli conflict is the one that most affects the Union for the Mediterranean. [54] Following an armed conflict between Israel and Gaza from December 2008 to January 2009, the Arab Group refused to meet at a high level, blocking all ministerial meetings scheduled for the first half of 2009. [55] The refusal of arab foreign ministers to meet with their Israeli counterpart Avigdor Lieberman also led to the cancellation of two foreign ministers` meetings in November 2009 and June 2010. [56] The sectoral meetings of the Union for the Mediterranean were also influenced by Israel`s treatment of the Palestinian civilian population under its control. At the Euro-Mediterranean Ministerial Meeting on Water held in Barcelona in April 2010, the Water Strategy was not adopted due to a terminological disagreement over whether the territories claimed by Palestinians, Syrians and Lebanese should be called “occupied territories” or “territories under occupation”. [57] Two other ministerial meetings on higher education and agriculture had to be cancelled due to the same discrepancy. [58] On 22 February 2017, the Secretariat of the Union for the Mediterranean (UfM) and the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA) signed a multi-annual financial agreement amounting to €6.5 million.

EUR to support UfM activities for more sustainable and inclusive development in the region. [97] To address this issue in more detail, it is useful to refer to the “Barcelona Agreement,” and the majority is certainly not aware of this. On 28 November 1995, an agreement was signed in the European Union which was never shared with the citizens of European countries and which remained hidden from them. The free movement of persons between EU Member States has not been offered, promoted or implied in the Barcelona Declaration or its successors. There is no derogation or `guidance` on integration into EU legislation, policies or action plans related to the Barcelona Declaration. So we`re not sure what you`d like to have. At the time of the Paris summit, France, which was responsible for the EU presidency, and Egypt held the co-presidency. Since then, France has signed agreements with the various rotating EU presidencies (Czech Republic, Sweden and Spain) to maintain the co-presidency alongside Egypt. [4] The renewal of the co-presidency is expected to take place at the second summit of the Union for the Mediterranean.